The content of the article
- Состав и принцип действия 1 Composition and principle of action
- Эффект от приема 1.1 The effect of taking
- Когда назначают 2 When appoint
- Инструкция по применению «Транексама» 3 Instructions for the use of Tranexam
- Кому нельзя использовать 4 Who can not use
- Другие особенности 5 Other features
- Аналоги 6 Analogues
- Отзывы: «Мощная штука» 7 Reviews: "Powerful thing"
"Tranexam" can not only stop the bleeding, but also has antitumor, anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic effect. It can be used in both menopause and during pregnancy with bleeding. It is important to know the features of taking and prescribing a medicine.
Composition and principle of action
The therapeutic effect of the drug is due to the content of tranexamic acid. The main effect of acid is associated with the effect on the process of blood coagulation.
The effect of taking
To maintain the liquid state of blood and protect against the formation of clots, the body needs a consistent completion of the chain of biochemical reactions. One of the stages is the conversion of plasminogen to plasmin. Tranexamic acid inhibits this reaction by providing an antifibrinolytic action. As a result, the rate of formation of blood clots increases and the bleeding stops.
Tranexamic acid has systemic and local hemostatic effect. In addition, it is able to influence the formation of kinins - substances responsible for the severity of inflammation and allergies. Tranexamic acid has an anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory effect. There are also known anti-tumor properties that are being studied at the present time.
"Traneksam" is appointed with the following objectives:
- – при выполнении любых операций, а также в случае остро возникшего кровотечения в акушерско-гинекологической, хирургической, онкологической, стоматологической практике; as a hemostatic agent - when performing any operations, as well as in case of acute bleeding in obstetric-gynecological, surgical, oncological, dental practice;
- при тонзиллите, фарингите, ларингите, стоматите; with an anti-inflammatory effect - with tonsillitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis, stomatitis;
- о – при экземе, крапивнице, контактном дерматите, ангионевротическом отеке. as antiallergic medicines about - at an eczema, a urticaria, contact dermatitis, an angioneurotic edema.
Indications for the use of the drug are diseases of the liver, leukemia for the prevention of possible bleeding with an expected increased bleeding.
In 90% of cases, Tranexam is used to stop bleeding associated with increased fibrinolysis. In gynecological practice is used in the following conditions:
- – при миоме матке, эндометриозе, гиперплазии и полипах эндометрия, при дисфункциях; with abundant menstruation - with uterine myoma, endometriosis, endometrial hyperplasia and polyps, with dysfunctions;
- для уменьшения выделения после абортов, выкидышей, гистероскопий; after scraping - to reduce the discharge after abortions, miscarriages, hysteroscopy;
- – они могут появляться при дисфункции, на фоне приема оральных контрацептивов. at acyclic spotting - they can appear with dysfunction, against the background of taking oral contraceptives.
In pregnancy and lactation
The drug is often used during pregnancy to stop bleeding. Its safety has not been proven in extensive studies, but the long-term observation of women, whom he is prescribed according to the evidence, proves the absence of a significant negative impact on the developing baby.
"Traneksam" is prescribed at any time of pregnancy and after childbirth in the form of injections or tablets. It is shown in the following situations:
- when there is a threat of miscarriage with bloody discharge;
- with retrochoric hematoma (placental abruption);
- with postpartum hemorrhage;
- with manual separation of the afterburn.
Also, "Traneksam" is prescribed for bleeding as a result of central or marginal presentation of the placenta. Duration of treatment should not exceed three days in women with hereditary thrombophilia, antiphospholipid syndrome, as further therapy will cause the opposite effect - abortion.
Instructions for the use of Tranexam
"Traneksam" is available as a solution in ampoules of 1 ml with a content of tranexamic acid 50 mg. At home, the drug is often used in tablets, each containing 250 mg. How to drink "Traneksam" with abundant periods and use it in case of another bleeding can be seen in the table.
Table - application of "Tranexam"
|Tablets for oral administration||Solution for intravenous injections|
| - 4-6 tablets 2-3 times a day before or after meals; |
- You can increase the dosage of "Tranexam" to 4-6 tablets 3-4 times a day;
- 1-2 tablets 3-4 times a day during pregnancy
| - Based on 15 mg / kg body weight; |
- at a rate of 1 ml / minute;
- every 6-8 hours
Who can not use
Use of tablets "Traneksam" and the more so intravenous injections should appoint a doctor. The drug has contraindications and side effects. Do not use the medicine when:
- recorded allergic reactions to it;
- acute thrombosis;
- high risk of thrombosis (thrombophlebitis, infarction);
- violation of color vision;
- renal failure.
Against the background of the "Tranexam" reception the following side reactions are possible:
- тошнота, рвота, изжога, снижение аппетита; dyspepsia - nausea, vomiting, heartburn, decreased appetite;
- – головокружение, слабость, сонливость; disruption of the central nervous system - dizziness, weakness, drowsiness;
- – тромбозы, тромбоэмболии, снижение давления; cardiovascular disorders - thrombosis, thromboembolism, pressure decrease;
- – крапивница, зуд, отек Квинке, анафилактический шок. allergic manifestations - hives, itching, Quincke's edema, anaphylactic shock.
If you have any complaints while taking the medication, you should immediately seek medical help. There is no evidence of an overdose on the drug.
If you are prescribed to drink Tranexam for stopping menstruation or another type of bleeding, you should not combine this with the use of other haemostatic agents. Such combinations can lead to activation of thrombosis and serious complications. Also, do not combine Tranexam with the following drugs:
- components of blood;
- hypertensive drugs.
Complete analogues of the medicine are the following drugs:
The following medicines act on other mechanisms, in comparison with "Tranexam", but also give a haemostatic effect:
Traneksam is one of the most effective hemostatic drugs. Helps already literally five minutes after intravenous administration. This action is especially important during surgical interventions. Reviews about "Tranexam" with uterine bleeding also prove its high efficiency and safety while respecting the rules of admission and doctor's recommendations.
Reviews: "Powerful thing"
Traneksam - a powerful thing. They appointed me, but I did not drink for long, 2-3 days. I think you too will not take it for long, as soon as it ceases to heal, they will cancel it. I understand that it's unpleasant to take tablets with a handful of tablets, but there's nowhere to go. And he does not harm Lyalke. Get well!
https://deti.mail.ru/id1004369158/ Forget-me-not, https://deti.mail.ru/id1004369158/
I have a placenta previa, this Monday also started a small discharge. On the ambulance came to the hospital, they looked and were allowed to go home, but they prescribed complete rest and tranexam 5 days for 4 tablets per day to drink. Allocations took place in the evening after taking the drug, now I feel good. Health to you!
https://deti.mail.ru/id1013684767/ Natalia, https://deti.mail.ru/id1013684767/
Hello! I was 15 years old, I had very ample monthly, lilo like a bucket, I went to a gynecologist, she wrote to the tranecks, she said if she does not stop pouring, then she should go to the hospital, the monthly ones are gone, but after that I have no monthly for 2 months now .
https://www.baby.ru/u/usr1777667/ Liana, https://www.baby.ru/u/usr1777667/
Traniksam drank to 2. Table 3 times a day for 3 days helped, so it was lilting 20 days (foolishly done to get rid of painful months, experimented with dyufastone the result of a month without stopping)
https://www.baby.ru/u/soleveig/ Polkinamamka, https://www.baby.ru/u/soleveig/
After the birth, bleeding appeared, which neither did not stop to stop. In the hospital, a dropper (Tranexam) was prescribed. Have made some droppers and all has stopped. Thank you, it helped!
https://www.rlsnet.ru/comment/traneksam Marina, https://www.rlsnet.ru/comment/traneksam