The content of the article
- Откуда берется грибок 1 Where does the fungus come from?
- Какая диета рекомендуется при молочнице у женщин 2 What kind of diet is recommended for thrush in women
- Примерное меню 3 Sample menu
In most cases, thrush is caused by a fungus of the genus Candida albicans, less often it is provoked by other species, for example, Candida glabrata. This type of microorganism refers to the conditionally pathogenic flora, they are detected in healthy people.
Where does the fungus come from?
There are a number of factors that can cause intense multiplication of the fungus and the appearance of symptoms of candidiasis. In women, the most frequent localization is the vagina and mucosa of the external genitalia.
According to doctors, the cause of thrush is a violation of the biocenosis (a kind of status quo of microorganisms) of the vagina due to a decrease in the number of lactobacilli that maintain the balance of microflora. This provokes the development of such conditions as dysbacteriosis, bakvaginosis with the appearance of the corresponding symptomatology. Thrush can develop with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT), the intake of antibiotics, for example, for ureaplasma, cystitis, respiratory system diseases.
What kind of diet is recommended for thrush in women
Of course, the treatment of thrush involves the appointment of antifungal medicines. Supplement and increase their effectiveness will help properly formulated diet for candidiasis in women. In addition, such nutrition is necessary if a thrush is diagnosed during pregnancy or breastfeeding, when the appointment of medications has a number of contraindications.
First of all, it is desirable to eat only natural products, it is not recommended to include canned food or dishes containing a large number of dyes and preservatives in the menu. To restore the microflora of the intestine and vagina it is recommended to eat foods that have prebiotic properties. These are those that are not absorbed in the upper parts of the gastrointestinal tract, but enter the large intestine, where they promote the growth of useful microflora. Important components of these products are inulin and fructosolygosaccharides.
For example, it is recommended to include in the diet products from:
- buckwheat groats;
- beans, soybeans.
It is also very important to add to the diet:
- freshly squeezed lemon juice, orange.
The role of sour milk
Food for thrush should include such sour-milk products:
- sour cream;
- cottage cheese.
Due to the lactic acid bacteria entering into their composition, the proliferation of its own useful microflora, as well as chemical compounds that reduce pH in the intestine, is stimulated. The sour-milk diet leads to suppression of growth of conditionally pathogenic microorganisms, including fungi of the genus Candida.
It should be borne in mind that the sour-milk products purchased in the store, especially those having a long shelf life, contain few live lacto- and bifidobacteria. Therefore, the best option is yogurt or sour cream, cooked at home in a yogurt.
Accents in the menu
In the diet during thrush it is useful to include vegetables, berries and spices that have an antifungal effect:
- sea kale;
- hot peppers;
- Bay leaf.
What foods are harmful
However, the diet for vaginal candidiasis excludes from the diet products that, on the contrary, contribute to the growth of pathogenic microflora. It should be removed from the menu or restricted use:
- sweet pastries, cakes and pastries;
- sugar (it is better to replace it with honey);
- ground rice;
- whole milk;
- condensed milk;
- macaroni from white flour.
With thrush, you can apply any methods of cooking products: roasting, boiling, baking. However, the best option is to use recipes that provide steaming or baking in the oven without fat. So in the dishes there will be enough vitamins and nutrients.
In addition, it is necessary to include in the menu raw, thermally not processed vegetables and fruits. It shows the use of a large number of leafy vegetables and greens. It is recommended to eat fresh fruit after each meal. Below is an approximate menu for the day with thrush.
Table - Food and meals for the approximate daily menu
|Food intake||List of products and dishes|
|Breakfast|| - Buckwheat; |
- cottage cheese with honey;
- one apple of sour varieties;
- bread with bran;
- green tea with honey
|Lunch|| - Gallet cookies; |
|Dinner|| - Soup with beans; |
- boiled unpolished rice;
- steamed meat (chicken;
- salad of leafy vegetables with olive oil;
- juice from orange
|Afternoon snack|| - Casserole from cottage cheese and rice; |
- Cowberry tea
|Dinner|| - Fish baked with vegetables; |
- Toast from bread with bran;
- fruit salad;
- green tea
Thus, a diet with thrush will help restore the damaged microflora, and some foods suppress the growth and reproduction of fungal infection. This diet should be followed even after the disappearance of symptoms of candidiasis, and usually the diet lasts one to two months. If a relapsing form of the disease is diagnosed, a constant diet is recommended in the treatment of thrush.